newspaper reports

"Shipping", The West Australian, Thursday 16 October 1902, page 4

"New Steamer Koombana", The Argus (Melbourne), Friday 19 February 1909, page 4

"Shipping", The West Australian, Friday 12 March 1909, page 4

"Shipping", The West Australian, Saturday 13 March 1909, page 10

"New Nor'-West Steamer", Geraldton Guardian (WA), Saturday 13 March 1909, page 3

"S.S. Koombana", Geraldton Guardian (WA), Tuesday 16 March 1909, page 2

"The Stranded Koombana", The West Australian, Thursday 18 March 1909, page 5

"The S.S. Koombana", Geraldton Guardian (WA), Thursday 18 March 1909, page 2

"The S.S. Koombana", The Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Saturday 20 March 1909, page 3

"Government Attention Needed", The Hedland Advocate (Port Hedland, WA), Saturday 20 March 1909

"Peeps at People", The Sunday Times (Perth, WA), Sunday 28 March 1909, page 1S

"The Stranded Koombana", Geraldton Guardian (WA), Tuesday 23 March 1909, page 3

"Mainly About People", Daily News (Perth, WA), Thursday 25 March 1909, page 3

"Shipping", The Daily News (Perth, WA), Tuesday 30 March 1909, page 4

"General News", The Hedland Advocate (Port Hedland, WA), Saturday 03 April 1909, page 3

"Local and General", The Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Saturday 03 April 1909, page 2

"Shark Bay Residents Aggrieved at Aspersions on Their Port", The Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Saturday 10 April 1909, page 3

"With The Koombana", The Western Mail (Perth, WA), Saturday 10 April 1909, pages 14,27

"s.s. Koombana", The Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Saturday 12 June 1909, p2

"The Nor'-West Ports", The West Australian, Friday 10 June 1910, page 5

"Nor'-West Hurricane", The Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Tuesday 26 March 1912, page 7

archive holdings

The Adjustment of General Average per "Koombana" S.S., on a voyage to north west ports of Western Australia, insurance calculation and apportionment following grounding of Koombana at Shark Bay in March 1909, Holmes & Neill, Average Adjusters, Sydney, 18 July 1910. Battye Library Archives, 2216A, includes extract of Koombana's log

The Adjustment of General Average per "Koombana" S.S., on a voyage to north west ports of Western Australia, insurance calculation and apportionment following grounding of Koombana at Shark Bay in March 1909, Holmes & Neill, Average Adjusters, Sydney, 18 July 1910. Battye Library Archives, 2216A, includes itemisation of cargo losses

Minutes of Adelaide Steamship Company directors' meeting, Wednesday 17 March 1909, Noel Butlin Archives Centre, 0186/Z535 Box 12

Minutes of Adelaide Steamship Company directors' meeting, Wednesday 24 March 1909, Noel Butlin Archives Centre, 0186/Z535 Box 12

Minutes of Adelaide Steamship Company directors' meeting, Wednesday 31 March 1909, Noel Butlin Archives Centre, 0186/Z535 Box 12

Minutes of Adelaide Steamship Company directors' meeting, Wednesday 28 April 1909, Noel Butlin Archives Centre, 0186/Z535 Box 12

Passengers Arriving 1855-1922, Shipping Master's Office, Sydney. State Records Authority of New South Wales, NRS13278, X259 reel 2046, Crew list, "Koombana", Sydney, 13 June 1909

personal papers

Low, James Galloway, Letters, 1904-91, Battye Library, ACC 2612A (listing: MN 681), Letter from Jim to his friend Peggy, 09 May 1909

books

Conrad, Joseph, 1902, Typhoon, Putnam, New York, Chapter 1

internet

http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/phase/phases1901.html

explanatory notes

The modern spelling of Shark Bay has been adopted in the narrative, but all variants—“Shark’s Bay,” “Sharks’ Bay”, and “Sharks Bay”—will be encountered in quoted sources.

“Blue sky, red sunset.” Science students may recall a classroom physics demonstration in which a beam of light is passed through water artificially clouded by the addition of sodium thiosulfate and and a few drops of acid. As the reaction proceeds, the illuminated water acquires a blue hue while the emerging beam weakens to a rusty red.