31a["New Interstate Steamers", Examiner (Launceston, Tas.), Thursday 11 July 1907, page 4]

NEW INTERSTATE STEAMERS.

In addition to the new steamer Echunga, which is being built in Great Britain for the Adelaide Steamship Company, and is nearing completion, the same company are about to have constructed a new steamer to be utilised in the north-west trade of West Australia. It is also stated that two new passenger steamers are shortly to be ordered for the interstate trade to West Australia. These vessels, it is understood, will replace the steamers Grantala and Yongala. The Yongala has been placed in the Queensland trade, and it is said the Grantala will go there as well. Captain T. Allen, of the company's fleet, who is at present on the way to England by the mail steamer Orient, will navigate the Echunga to Australia. The vessel will not steam from Great Britain direct to the Commonwealth, but will proceed to New York, where she will load consignments of general merchandise for Australia.

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31b["New Steamers", The Sydney Morning Herald, Friday 15 November 1907, page 10]

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ECHUNGA.

The steamer Echunga, built by Sir Raylton Dixon, and Co., Ltd., of Cleveland Dockyards, Middlesbrough-on-Tees, with cantilever frames, to the order of the Adelaide Steamship Company, Ltd., to fulfil the special requirements of the owners' coal and cattle trade, proceeded to sea for her official trials on October 3. She has the highest class with the British Corporation, and is the largest vessel yet built on this plan. Her leading dimensions are 404ft 4in by 50ft by 26ft 8in moulded depth, carrying 8400 tons deadweight on 23ft 8in draught, with a measurement cargo capacity of about 10,000 tons, exclusive of bunkers. She has five exceptionally large hatchways, 30ft wide by 42ft long, with self-trimming and unobstructed holds. A complete shelter deck, 8 1/2ft high, extends the whole length of the vessel, which is intended for carrying cattle. The vessel is equipped with extraordinary discharging gear, consisting of no less than 25 powerful steam winches, working on 15 derricks, and 8 gaffs on 3 masts and 2 crane posts. Although carrying 8400 tons deadweight, or 10,000 tons measurement, her net register is only 2400 tons, and

she will carry the unusually large quantity of 3200 tons of water ballast, 1400 tons of which are located in the topside tanks. Triple-expansion engines placed aft have been fitted, having cylinders 27 1/2, 44, by 75 inches in diameter, by 48in stroke, supplied with steam by four large single-ended boilers working at 1801b pressure. The trials passed off in a successful manner, the vessel attaining 12 1/2 knots speed. She returned to the Tees, whence she will sail to Cardiff and London to load for Australia, under the command of Captain T. M. Allen. The hull and engine have been constructed under tho superintendence of Captain C. Dingle, and Mr. J. Stewart, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, as consulting engineer.

31c["A Remarkable Vessel", The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 08 February 1908, page 13]

A REMARKABLE VESSEL.

THE ECHUNGA DUE TO-MORROW.

WORLD'S LARGEST CANTILEVER STEAMER.

Interest is manifested in shipping and waterside circles in connection with the Adelaide Steamship Company new steamer Echunga - the largest cantilever steamer in the world - which will arrive at Sydney on her malden visit to-morrow. She was built but a few months ago by Sir Raylton Dixon and Co., Ltd , of Middlesborough, and sailed from London on November 23, calling at Capetown on her way to Australia. The Echunga touched at Fremantle and Albany, and then proceeded direct to Brisbane, from which port she left yesterday for Sydney.

The Echunga is a vessel of 2245 tons net, but her dead-weight carrying capacity is 8400 tons, and measurement capacity over 11000 tons. The length of the vessel is 405 feet, her breadth being 56 feet, and her depth moulded 26 feet 8 inches. She has a shelter deck for the purpose of carrying horses and cattle, for she is intended for the extensive coal, ore, and cattle trade carried on by the Adelaide Steamship Co. When sailing light she can take on board 3200 tons of water ballast, of which 1350 tons is in the topside tanks, and this gives tho satisfactory condition of immersion and stability. It is now usual to run the ship's frames under the sloping bottom of the tanks, which enables the tank bottom to be unpierced, the strength of the ship's side being effectively maintained by means of brackets.

In combination with theso very large hatchways there is associated a most extensive system of derricks for handling the cargo. In the Echunga there aro 14 derricks, eight gaffs, and 25 steam winches, which will enable her 8400 tons of coal to be discharged in 48 hours. The vessel cannot be described as beautiful, but she has, at any rate, the beauty of utility.

The advantages claimed for this new method in the construction of cargo steamers are: (1) Reduction of the registered tonnage combined with convenient and large cargo capacity; (2) provision of large compartments for the carrying of water ballast; (3) elimination of hold obstructions and the provision of very large hatchways; and (4) combinations of material which save weight, while at the same time providing satisfactory strength, the weight thus saved being at the disposal of the shipowner for carrying greater weight of cargo.