[Passenger list, "KOOMBANA" 37, compiled 02 April 1912, Adelaide Steamship Company. Noel Butlin Archives Centre, Australian National University, 0186/N46/634]
Hedland-Broome Briden, H. Believed to have been once a partner
in Bell & Briden, Storekeepers Pt Hedland
[Passenger list, "KOOMBANA" 37, compiled 12 April 1912, Adelaide Steamship Company. provided to the author by the late Malcolm Barker]
List of passengers known to have been bound for Broome.
From Port Hedland
Briden, Harry Well known at Hedland in various capacities, storekeeping, etc.
Wife a patient in Perth hospital.
[Barker, Malcolm, 2001, The Truth Is So Precious, Success Print, Perth, Western Australia, pages 60]
Just before the gangplank was lowered there was a last minute addition to the Passenger List when Harry Briden boarded. He was a well known identity in Port Hedland as a local storekeeper.
No. Briden's decision to travel not spontaneous. See below.
["The Koombana", The West Australian, Saturday 30 March 1912, page 11]
PASSENGERS AND CREW.
Last night, however, the Adelaide Company received from their Port Hedland office a list of the passengers booked there to join the Koombana, which list does not include Mr. Davis's name. The names despatched by the Hedland office are as follow:--
For Broome: Joseph Johnson, Capt. Stuart, H. Brider, Hassan, a Japanese, aboriginal and Malay prisoners.
For Derby: J. McGowan.
Briden, not Brider.
["The Missing Koombana", Geraldton Guardian (WA), Saturday 30 March 1912, page 3]
The Adelaide S.S. Company has received from its Hedland office a list of the passengers booked there who joined the Koombana for Broome, as follows:- Joseph Johnson, Capt. Stuart, Brider[sic], Hassan, and Japanese, Aboriginal and Malay prisoners. For Derby: Mr. McGowan.
["No News of the Koombana", The Sunday Times (Perth, WA), Sunday 31 March 1912, page 1]
THE PORT HEDLAND BOOKINGS
The following are the names of those passengers who booked at Port Hedland by the Koombana for Broome and Derby:--
For Broome: Captain Stuart, Joseph Johnson, H. Brider[sic], Hassan, a Japanese, Aboriginal and Malay prisoners.
For Derby: J. McGowan.
["The Passengers", The West Australian, Wednesday 03 April 1912, page 7]
Mr. H. Brider. [sic]
["News and Notes", The West Australian, Monday 20 June 1904, page 4]
Bankruptcy Notices.--The following bankruptcy notices have been gazetted:--
Harry Briden (a partner in the firm of Harry Briden and Company), late storekeeper, formerly of Fremantle and Mundaring, but now of Port Hedland.
[Personal communication, Bethwyn Brandis, granddaughter of Koombana passenger Fred Clinch, 25 May 2005]
[address and telephone number withheld]
Her great grandfather was Harry Bryden, on his way from Port Hedland to Broome looking for work.
Another great-granddaughter: Cathy Wallace
["Koombana's Passenger List", Broome Chronicle (WA), Saturday 30 March 1912]
KOOMBANA'S PASSENGER LIST.
Mr. H. Briden
[Sandra Hill, letter to Bethwyn Brandis, 25 March 2002, copy provided to the author by Bethwyn Brandis]
[Hand-written letter from Sandra Hill, Armadale to Bethwyn Brandis, Muckinbudin, 25 March 2002]
[Sandra's address and telephone number withheld]
I am writing in response to
your article in the West Australian
seeking relatives of passengers lost at sea
on the S.S. Koombana.
Harry Briden was on his way to
Broome in search of work. He left
behind his wife Annie and four
children Elizabeth, Ida, Molly and Harry.
If you have a passenger
list I'd be very interested in having
a copy. If you wish to contact me
feel free to do so at the above
address or phone no.
[Personal communication, Sandra Hill, descendant of Koombana passenger Harry Briden, Sunday 05 June 2005]
Notes made immediately after telephone conversation...
When Harry Briden first arrived in WA he lived in Albany. He married Annie Elizabeth Clarke. The family moved to the Nor'-West in about 1900 or 1901. They had four children. The first was named Elizabeth but was always called 'Dolly'; she was born in Fremantle in the late 1890s. The second child was Ida Clarke Briden, born about 1901 in the north-west. According to a Broome newspaper (?) she was the first (or one of the first) white girls born in the Nor'-West. Daughter Molly was next, born in Perth in 1906. In later life she would write a little booklet about the family in the early days. The last child, and first son, was Harry Jnr. Harry's nickname was Otto.
There was some mention of the pastoral company Elders or some previous incarnation of it, in the years 1907-1908. I have forgotten the context; perhaps Harry was employed by them. Seems plausible, but I will ask again.
At this time the family lived in 'temporary' accommodation, of whitewashed hession and corrugated iron, with a makeshift floor of packing case timber. According to Molly in her family booklet, Annie became very ill in January 1912 and travelled to Perth. By this stage Harry was in partnership with Bell in a Port Hedland store. I mentioned to Sandra that on one Koombana passenger list, the following reference appears: "Briden, H. Believed to have been once a partner in Bell & Briden, Storekeepers Pt Hedland."
The business struggled. Early in 1912, Harry decided to seek work in Broome. Dolly and Otto were to stay in Port Hedland, and Molly would go to live with family friends in or near Marble Bar.
Sandra mentioned a relationship by marriage between the Bridens and Bert Clarke's family. There was also mention of the Hanks family.
I asked if Annie and the children stayed in the Nor'-West after Harry's death. Yes. Indeed, some married and stayed for many years. Dolly married a Frank Trembath. One son, James 'Jim' Trembath, now lives in Mandurah. He may be a useful contact, she suggested.
I mentioned my contact with Cathy Wallace. Sandra did not know her personally, but speculated that she might be part of Molly's line.
Sandra has no photograph of Harry Briden, and does not know if any in her side of the family could provide one. Sandra will get me a photocopy of Molly's little book. Sandra is keen to see any material that Cathy Wallace might hold. She was particularly interested to hear that one or two hand-written letters might be preserved somewhere.
[Briden, Mollie, My Life in Port Hedland (unpublished), A short hand-written memoir written by Mollie Briden at age 77, two years before her death., 1983, Copy provided to the author by Mollie's granddaughter Cathy Wallace.]
[Mollie Briden was the youngest daughter of Harry & Annie Briden.
A copy of this memoir was made available by Mollie's granddaughter Cathy Wallace, Perth.
Mollie died in 1985, aged 79.]
My Life in Port Hedland by Mollie Elliott, nee Briden.
My Mother & Father migrated from England in the late 1800s. The landed at Albany & went to Greenbushes, a small mineing town. A short stay there, then they went to Fremantle, where they had an interest in a small business. There my sister Dolly was borne, after a while they decided to try their luck in the North West of Australia. They arrived by boat at Port Hedland, after a weeks voyage from Fremantle. Port Hedland was a very small town, from there they set off to [?Moolyelta] tin mines by horse & buggy about 100 miles inland. On arriving there, my mother, must of been surprised to find, only one white woman, [?Mrs. Chessman] among all the miners & bullock team drivers, a lot different from the life in England.
In 1900 my sister was borne at Moolyelta, a delicate baby, but did well on goats milk, & good nursing by Mum. After a while they moved into Port Hedland, where my father went into a grocery business, with a partner Bell. 1906. My mother came to Perth for a holiday, where I was borne, & returned soon after to Port Hedland. My brother Harry (Otto nick name) was borne, 13 months later. Now we settle down to a quiet life in our very humble little home, with make shift walls of Hesshing and some corrugated, & make shift floor from fruit cases. The Hesshing walls were white washed, to make them form a water proof. As time went on, our house improved, with the help of friends.
My fathers business wasn't a success, he decided to go to Broome for work, as there was none in Port Hedland. So arrangements were made for my sister Dolly and brother Otto to stay with friends in Hedland. Firstly I was sent to friends Mrs Hedditch in Marble Bar. The only memories I have of my father, are him taking me down to the train, early in the morning, it was dark the stars were still shining. The train took all day to do the 100 miles to Marble Bar. The carriage was only a guards van with a wooden seat all the way round. I was happy with the Hedditch family, Kathleen & Lucy were round my age. Soon after my sister Ida arrived, & stayed with friends the Scriminger family. My father set off for Broome, on the Koombana March 1912 her maiden voyage but ran into a cyclone and completely disappeared, nothing was ever heard of her, all lives were lost, leaving us fatherless.
A few months later my Mothers health improved enough, for her to return to us. With Dolly and Otto she came to Marble Bar to take Ida and myself home. From then on it was a hard time for my Mother the wellfare assistance was very small, but we were a very happy family, she was a wonderful Mother. Things got better, as Dolly started school teaching, & Ida went to work. I was 9 years old and earning two shillings & sixpence, a week, looking after a baby after school. My uncle Percy arrived from England & lived with us, in a way he took the place of our father. He built himself a room on the back, & was working on the railways.
We got most of our pleasure from the beach, which was just at the bottom of the hill, where we lived. We swam, fished, crabed & picniced, after the high tides we enjoyed collecting the drift woods on the beach. Uncle Percy made us a small cart, a harness for our Billy goat, which we used for getting wood, from the marshes, the mangrove roots were good burning saved Mum buying wood. Billy was often harnessed up at the weekend to take us, for picnics to a lovely sandy beach, he would pull the loaded cart, we were well equipped with tent, water & eats, & thought nothing of walking the miles to the picnic spot we always had. Our friends the Greys with us, [?Girlie] & I were very great friends did, & went, every where together.
How we come to have old Billy, we had goats, Mum used to sell the milk, Otto used to deliver it, carrying 6 billy cans, 3 hooks on two sticks, the goats were a great interest too, after milking in the morning they were let loose & went out to the one mile to feed, always about 4-30 PM they came home, & each one went into its own pen which Uncle Percy had made, they were milked and tied up. Apart from the milk they were real pets, & we loved the little kids when they arrived. Mum also sold eggs, & bread, at 10 pence a loaf. Soon Mum got a cow, instead of the goats. Dolly milked the cow, Otto still delivered the milk, some families came for theirs.
Old Billy had become a bit of a nuisance, so Dolly, Ida, myself, Girlie & Jessie Grey decided to take old Billy on a rope out to the 4 mile ridge where there were a lot of wild goats. We set off very early on a Saturday morning. Billy came along nicely, and we let him loose near the goats, then we crossed over the sand hill to the beach where we had our picnics and slowly walked home along the waters edge, only to find when we got home, that Billy had got home before us.
Another of our pleasur as children, was Guy Fawkes, for weeks all the boys & girls with Otto, would work for days, building up a big heap of rubbish, ready for the 5th November. They would make an old Guy cart him round the town, a penny for the Guy, this would buy the crackers. Otto always seemed to be the leader. Then Guy Fawkes night, all the families arrived, at our place, after the bonfire, and crackers, there was cool drinks & cakes, it was a real fun evening.
The years are going by. It was a happy life, every one was happy and friendly, school sports were a big thing, with good money prizes. 5 shillings was good money in those days. The skipping was the big event for the girls, we would skip up to a hundred or more often. Our school concerts, & fancy dress balls, were a once a year thing. The costumes were always good, & everyone took part. Our concerts were good, and Mrs Mosely put a lot of work into teaching the songs. She was teaching me the Piano so we always played a Duet at the opening.
I must be about 12 years old now, & have two jobs, cleaning the Bank before school, it was only a small bank. Then after school, I swept out the school, one large room with verandah all round. My wages were £1-5-0 ($1-50) per month. Once during the school holiday Dolly, Girlie, & myself, went to the Poondina Hotel for a weeks holiday. Poondina was a railway siding 20 miles from Hedland, & supplied water from the river, when Hedland ran out of rain water, the water train brought in tanks of water & we bought it for 5/- shilling 100 gallons. Girlie & I wanted to play Tennis, so to learn, we used to get up early at the week ends & spend about an hour on the tennis courts. Later in life Tennis was one of our main entertainments. At the school holidays I went out to [?Nuniningarra] Station to look after two little children. Before this my Uncle Bert arrived from England. He was a watch maker. He didn't live with us, but I used to tidy up his shop at week ends. Uncle Percy & he went to the world war one. Uncle Percy was killed only after 12 hours in the firing line, Uncle Bert came through without a scratch, he was a signaller. He returned to Hedland after the war. His fiancee came out months later they were married in Hedland, and the wedding breakfast was held on our side verandah. Mum did all the catering.
When I was 14 I went out to Pilga Station to work for Mrs Good. I stayed with her for 3 years, during that time I had a trip to Perth with her as nurse maid to her 2 little girls. Otto was working after school in Uncle Bert's cool drink factory. Uncle Bert had a small boat, & often took us over to Finicane Island for a picnic. Bullock, Camel & Donkey teams delivered all supplies to stations etc., so when I went to Pilga Station about 50 miles from Marble Bar, Mr Good met the train at Marble Bar, we spent the night at the hotel, got an early start next morning by Buggy & pair Horses. We had to rest the Horses a while, while we had lunch, and arrived at the station by about 4 o'clock. I was happy here, I really learned about house work, washing, ironing & bread making. Otto came out for a weeks holiday. I was very happy about that. The Marble Bar race week made me very excited. Mrs Good made me a nice dress, Mum also made me a pink dress.
Mum & Mrs Grey did the catering for the race Ball. A lot of Hedland people came up for it by train also the Station people close by came in there were still no Cars.
I could dance well. Our school turn outs taught us to dance properly. Once with Eric Molloy we won a waltzing competition. Ida had gone to Broome to work. Dolly still teaching in Hedland. Now I returned to Hedland. I was 17 and glad to be home. I went to work at the Esplanade Hotel as a waitress. The first morning 7 o'clock I was too shy to go into the dining room, all men, never having been in men's company. Mrs Marmion(?) was kind & understanding, and sent me to a table of 6 old men for a start. I soon got used to it & really loved the work. I was there 5 years altogether. The first 2 years I didn't even have one day off, it was 7 days a week too. Then Ida came back from Broome and came to work at the Hotel as Housmaid. So I had a couple of weeks holiday at Pilga Station. I was a friend of the girl who took my place there it was a nice holiday. Mr Good had a car now, we used to go out on the round with him & the children sometimes swim in the water tanks. Now back to work at the Hotel. We were able to send Mum home to England with Uncle Berts wife (Aunty Agnes) for a years holiday.
Hedland was still the same small quiet town about 3 Cars, still no Electricity. To keep things cool we had the Koolgardie safes a frame with Hesshin round it a tray of water on the top, & wet pieces of cloth dripping down the sides to keep them wet, & it really did a good job. Our life went on like one big happy family. The Bridens that's us, the Greys, Moores, Wilson, [?Cromartys], Lawsons, [?Pedalars], [??s], Daddows, Werrys, we all grew up together. Tennis, Wed, Sat, & Sundays, Moonlight picnics at Pretty pool. Surprise parties & once a fortnight Fridays a Euchre party & dance. The boys paid 2/6, the girls brought a plate of cakes for supper. They were happy days.
When the passenger ships were in Port, we all went on the boat, in the evening, & often a dance was put on for us. Then once a year the big Race week about August. The Hotels were full, all the Station people had Cars now. Friends stayed with friends. I was very busy in the dining room, but never too tired to enjoy the entertainment. Saturday & Monday Races. In the afternoon I was able to go to the races, 1 day. Friday night usually a small dance, Sat usually a concert, stall or something which children could go to. Sunday cricket, Monday night the Ball. It was a big event, always new dresses, we even had dance programmes & they were filled up in no time, such lovely old fashioned days. Then [?last a] dance to finish up for the few people left behind. Oh for those times again, and for my many nice boy friends.
By now Otto was working in Dalgeties. Ida had married Bert Hanks, & gone to Broome. Dolly was married, to Frank Trembath. Mum arrived home from England, a fortnight after I was married, April 26th, 1927, to Nic Elliot. We left Hedland. Vic died 1952. Now I am 77, happy amongst my four children, 13 grandchildren.
My Life's Story.